Ear, Nose, and Throat Treatments offered by ENT Clinic in Singapore

Health
Doctor and patient in ENT clinic

Our sense organs play an important role in our everyday life. Imagine if one of your sense organs stopped functioning. What will the world be like if we cannot hear or smell? That will make our life a lot harder. This is why any concerns about our sense organs must be addressed immediately to avoid absolute and irreversible damage.

In Singapore, ear, nose, throat(ENT) problems are common. Recent studies show that20% of adults and 40% of children have had an ENT disorder. A leading ENT clinic in Singapore like entspecialistsingapore.com that offers ENT treatments for adults and children is headed by Dr.Dennis Chua, who is recognized as one of the top ENT specialists with 15 years of medical experience in treating ENT disorders. He obtained his Otorhinolaryngology specialist accreditation from Singapore and is fully accredited as an Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) surgeon by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and Singapore Media Council. In the following sections, Dr Dennis Chua informs us about the ENT treatments offered in his ENT Clinic in Singapore.

Pediatric ENT

Pediatric ENT Doctor Examining Sick Little Patient

  1. Pediatric Allergies and Rhinitis

Allergies and rhinitis are very common in children. The most prevalent signs are runny nose, blocked nose, frequent sneezing, rubbing of the eyes and nose. In particular cases, I run a skin prick test to look for possible allergens.  In one case of a child who had positive test results, we were able to find out that she was allergic to house dust mites. If my patient’s nasal allergy is already severe, I do a Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT). It is an immunotherapy that involves putting liquid drops or tablets of allergens under the tongue.

  1. Pediatric Snoring/Sleep Apnea

Tonsils and adenoids are part of the immune system but when enlarged, they can obstruct breathing. If this disorder cannot be treated immediately, it can cause cardiopulmonary diseases, behaviour problems, and can significantly affect the child’s learning ability. In these cases, I recommend adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy which effectively cures obstructive sleep apnea and restores the normal breathing patterns.

  1. Recurrent Acute Tonsillitis/ Chronic Tonsillitis

As much as possible, I do not recommend surgery for tonsillitis cases. Tonsillitis is also one of the common infections in childhood. Sore throat, fever, and loss of appetite are some signs and symptoms of tonsillitis. For these cases, I prescribe antibiotics and remind parents to make sure that the full course will be taken to avoid worsening or spreading the bacteria to other parts of the body.

If the tonsillitis is recurrent or chronic, tonsillectomy is required. It is usually done as an outpatient procedure. That means the patient can go home after the surgery unless the patient has a medically complex condition. It usually takes 14 days to complete recovery.

  1. Glue Ears/ Otitis Media with Effusion

Otitis media with effusion is a condition associated with fluid in the middle ear. This is also common for children because their Eustachian tube is still immature and cannot drain out the fluid. I recommend immediate treatment for this type of condition to avoid hearing loss.

  1. Infectious Mononucleosis

This infection is most common in teenagers. It is spread by saliva and also known as “Kissing Disease” caused by the Epstein Barr Virus. Symptoms include small neck lumps and the liver can have a mild inflammation. For treatment, antibiotics are usually required and they are recommended to be admitted to the hospital for rehydration and steroid drips.

Adult ENT

ENT doctor checking patients ears

  1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Based on a local study, 1 out of 3 Singaporeans are estimated to have moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It is a disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway collapse. This means that the patient can be oxygen-deprived during sleep. This will have an impact on the body’s vital organs like the brain and heart. I usually recommend the patient to undergo a sleep study to assess the severity of the OSA and to know what treatment is appropriate.

  1. Thyroid Lumps

Thyroid nodules are most common in women compared to men and 1 out of 20 patients has a palpable thyroid nodule. I usually require an ultrasound and a needle biopsy with a thyroid function test. But if the thyroid lump is suspected to be cancerous, I highly recommend surgery.

  1. Neck Lumps

Lumps in the neck are usually benign but can indicate a more serious disease like tuberculosis. I usually do a thorough assessment and diagnosis before recommending any treatment. Imaging or needle biopsy, as well as X-ray, MRI and CT scans, are required to diagnose the condition.

  1. Vocal Cord Nodules

Vocal cord nodules are also known as calluses of the vocal fold and appear on both sides of the vocal cords. Singers and teachers are mostly at risk of developing this condition. Typically, the treatment for this condition includes voice rest and regular hydration. Other patients who have concomitant laryngopharyngoreflux disease need treatment with medication and referred to speech therapy.

  1. Throat cancer

Throat cancer is a malignant disease. Smoking and drinking too much alcohol can increase the risk of throat cancer. In this case, I recommend an urgent biopsy followed by necessary treatment like surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, or a combination of treatments depending on the stage and site of the disease.

  1. Nose, Sinuses, and Allergies

With my many years of experience, I have encountered numerous cases of nose, sinuses, and allergies with different degrees of severity. The treatment is different for each condition. If it is mild allergic rhinitis or sinusitis, medication is usually prescribed to manage the symptoms. But for severe cases like nasal tumours, surgery is required to minimize the chance of recurrence.

  1. Ear diseases

Some of the most sensitive parts of the body are our ears. Commoner conditions include hole in the eardrum, otitis media with effusion, vertigo and Meniere’s disease. Proper assessment is done to determine the cause of the problem. Typically, prescription medications are used to control the disease. If necessary, I recommend the use of hearing aid.

Takeaway

If you see signs and symptoms of any ENT problems in your child, your loved ones or even in yourself, seek consultation from Dr Dennis Chua. His ENT clinic in Singapore offers a wide range of treatments, especially for your little ones. Do not wait for the problem to get worse. Remember, prevention is always better than cure.

 

Dr Dennis Chua
3 Mount Elizabeth, #08-02 Medical Centre,
Singapore 228510
+65 6235 3886